The Advantages of Hydrogen Fuel and What This Means For Our Future

 

Hydrogen energy is an alternative fuel that combines hydrogen and oxygen to produce electrical energy and water using an electrochemical process. 

As the production of Hydrogen fuel becomes increasingly more adopted worldwide, fuel experts anticipate that energy from hydrogen could very likely be the alternative fuel to replace fossil fuels as the leading fuel source over the next century. 

Whilst expensive to produce, hydrogen fuel is a high density energy source that can be used incredibly across a wide range of industrial areas from domestic transportation to power plants. 

Other advantages of hydrogen fuel include:

  • Zero carbon emissions and no pollution.
  • Completely renewable.
  • High efficiency compared to other fuel sources including other renewable and clean alternative energy solutions.
  • Can be manufactured locally to where it will be used
  • Production does not rely on fossil fuels.

There are two main types of hydrogen fuel, Green and Blue hydrogen, but what are the differences?

Green hydrogen is produced using a completely carbon free process of electrolysis, splitting water in Hydrogen and Oxygen. The Hydrogen is utilised and stored with the Oxygen being released into the atmosphere. 

Green hydrogen is the cleanest form of Hydrogen fuel and is favoured amongst environmentalists for this reason.

Blue hydrogen is manufactured from a process called Steam Methane Reforming which uses a chemical reaction to combine natural gases (from fossil fuels) with steam, to create hydrogen and carbon monoxide. Once the hydrogen has been captured the carbon monoxide is permanently stored but not released. 

Whilst the production of blue hydrogen is more economical than that of green hydrogen, it does rely heavily on fossil fuels for production. 

So what does Hydrogen fuel energy offer us as we look to a carbon free future? Availability, sustainability, versatility and real hope to remove fossil fuels from the energy mix.